A tobacco control law, covering smokefree places, came into effect in May 2006. It covers public transport, educational establishments, malls, supermarkets, sports centres, private companies with more than 10 employees. Since 2007 bars and restaurants less than 100m2 can choose to be 100% smokefree. If they chose to allow smoking, they cannot admit anyone under 18 years. Others have to provide a separate smoking area (similar to Spain). For legislation see http://www.emol.com/noticias/documentos/pdfs/tabaco.pdf
Smokefree homes are being promoted by the Health Ministry. The Ministry also set up a successful initiative to encourage teenagers not to smoke entitled “La clase sin humo” (No smoking room).
Smokefree resources available in 2009
The government has allocated money for a tobacco communication campaign and for human resources. The Health Ministry’s activities are being coordinated with the Education Ministry across the country via the Comités Comunales Vida Chile. In 2007 approximately 700 workshops for the population on tobacco control legislation were held, as well as 600 workshops in social organisations, each for 20 people. The workshops are four hours long with a standardised programme.
Health without tobacco Manual – www.minsal.cl/ici/S_1/U_14/MANUAL%20SALUD%20SIN%20TABACO.zip [large file]
Organisations working on anti-tobacco initiatives:
Corporación de Laringectomizados de Chile www.galeon.com/conalach/
Educación Popular en Salud (EPES)- an NGO dedicated to women, health and social problems. Began tobacco work in 2007. www.epes.cl
Chilean Health Ministry – www.minsal.cl
The Chilean Respiratory Diseases Society has a group dedicated to tobacco issues www.serchile.cl
Public education materials/implementation or enforcement materials
The Ministry of Health ran a TV and radio campaign at the end of 2007; This initiative is in line with the recommendations of the FCTC for educating the public. The campaign highlighted the health risks from tobacco and emphasises the need to respect smokefree places. Chile has a high smoking prevalence and 70% of children have tried tobacco by the age of 15. So one of the key aims is to prevent children becoming smokers. The campaigns are aiming to create a cultural change in attitudes to tobacco. Posters have also been used, with the slogans ‘Children have no choice, you do’ and ‘Children mimic bad behaviour’. The campaign was repeated in 2008.
The adverts can be viewed at:
TV advert 1. (exposing children to secondhand smoke) http://webhosting.redsalud.gov.cl/minsal/archivos/campanatabaco/TABACOGUAGUA.wmv
TV advert 2. (children mimicking adults) http://webhosting.redsalud.gov.cl/minsal/archivos/campanatabaco/TABACOIMITADORES.wmv
Radio advert http://webhosting.redsalud.gov.cl/minsal/archivos/campanatabaco/MinsalRadioImitadores(1).mp3
Needs related to implementing smokefree policies
Help with advocacy to reach local, regional and international decision makers who can reinforce smokefree policies. Empowerment of civil society to demand more smokefree places, and defend their legal rights. More smokefree campaigns
Factors helping or hindering the implementation of Article 8
Lack of funding
First, say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do. Health Service Food and Human Resources: Cigs4US.biz – Duty free cigarettes shop