Colombia became smokefree on 4 December 2008 by means of Resolution 1956 of 2008 form the Ministerio de la Protección Social. Smoking is prohibited in all enclosed public places, including bars and restaurants, all workplaces and public transport. DSRs are not allowed. Implementation has been successful so far and there has been support from the local health offices. A key supporter of the resolution is the National Association of bar owners and bartenders, ASOBARES. An opinion poll found that 90.3% of people agree with 100% smokefree environments.
It is important to note that the smokefree environments have been created because of a ministerial resolution rather than a presidential decree or a law. This means that a weaker smokefree law could supersede Resolution 1956 in the future. Bills attempting to pass through Parliament seek to undermine the ministerial resolution.
Smokefree resources available in 2009
Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, Corporate Accountability International (Latin American Office), Inter American Heart Foundation, World Heart Federation.
Liga Colombiana de Lucha contra el Cáncer
El Instituto Nacional de Cancerología
Comité de Prevención de tabaquismo y Spa de la Localidad de Santa Fe
La Red Sin Trabas (universitaria) y la Universidad Javeriana
La Sociedad Colombiana de Cardiología.
Public education materials/implementation or enforcement materials
Educational materials are being developed to support the resolution. Posters have also been used.
Needs related to implementing smokefree policies
More resources are needed to enhance the campaign to support the Resolution 1956, and to help the lobbying of Congress to pass smokefree legislation.
Factors helping or hindering the implementation of Article 8
Public support (opinion polls)
The support and personal commitment of the Viceministro, Dr. Carlos Cuervo.
The strong support of some of the most important local Health Offices (Bogotá, Manizales, Armenia, Ibagué, Pasto, Valledupar, Medellín, Popayán, Cali)
The strong support of the ASOBARES.
The intervention of some Universities.
Industry interferences, including influencing some of the policy makers.
The law proposals currently in Congress that may challenge Resolution 1956.
Other countries that have influenced smokefree laws
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