Paraguay

Smokefree legislation/initiatives

Existing national smokefree legislation is weak. Existing national smokefree legislation is weak. The proposed new comprehensive national smokefree legislation, is “under review” by a parliamentary committee, until it receives the necessary votes for approval. Approval has been delayed for some time, so the tobacco control movement has adopted a strategy of campaigning for smokefree small towns, bringing municipal ordinances. There are now 31 municipal ordinances for smokefree places.

“Libre de Tabaco”, an NGO, is supporting a campaign for smokefree hospitals.

Smokefree resources available in 2009

The National Tobacco Control is leading the smokefree initiatives and was responsible for the ratification of the FCTC by Paraguay. It consists of a team of people, carrying out advocacy, education, design and printing of educational materials, etc throughout the country. It has joined an NGO “Vida Saludable” (Living Healthy), which brings together some people who have supported NTC in some areas of tobacco control. (see http://vidasaludableparaguay.org).

Public education materials/implementation or enforcement materials

Needs related to implementing smokefree policies

Due to the enormous and feared power of tobacco in Paraguay, directly linked to organised crime, few people want to venture into tobacco control. People are afraid to confront powerful people who share the border with neighboring countries and behave in the same way as the cocaine mafia. There is very little organized civil society and help is needed to strengthen this.

The authorities protect the business of tobacco in every possible way, with very low taxes, and encouraging the production and cultivation of tobacco. Need a media campaign to demonstrate this and to educate civil society about the importance of smokefree environments.

Factors helping or hindering the implementation of Article 8

Helping
Many people are against exposure to secondhand smoke. Some volunteers support NTC in its activities and some journalists give them space in their programmes to inform people.

Hindering
Parliament has immunity and can violate the municipal ordinance indoor smoking bans. This may encourage smokers do the same. Municipal inspectors who are responsible for enforcing the Ordinances do not, because it is easier to come to “another kind of arrangement”.

First, say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do. Health Service Food and Human Resources: Cigs4US.biz – Wholesale shop online

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