Moldova signed FCTC in 2004 and after some technical delays, it was ratified on 3 February 2009.
The law on Tobacco and Tobacco Products was approved in Parliament in December 2007 and took effect on 7 March 2008. It has a broad scope, including the following smokefree provisions (Article 16): smoking is banned on public transport and terminals, indoor public places, playgrounds, bars and restaurants. Smoking areas are allowed provided they are separate and ventilated, and do not take up more than 50% of the total area.
Smokefree resources available in 2009
Three NGOs work on tobacco control.
1. Moldova Health Communication Network (President – Irina Zatushevski) Started in 1996 with a small study “Smoking among girl students in Moldovan State University”. Implemented several projects financed by the Open Society Institute.
2. Center of Information, Education and Social Analyses (CAPTES) (Executive Director – Victoria Tataru). Received grants from ACS and UICC in 2007 for 2007, it won a grant from the American Cancer Society (ACS) and International Union against Smoking (UICC) for Awareness Campaign for Tobacco Control Policy Changes project aimed at developing and promoting public awareness and education campaigns for tobacco control policy changes through mass media. Outcomes achieved: 1. Group of ‘tobacco-aware’ journalists established; 2 Radio and TV campaigns carried out to raise awareness among general public; 3. Best practice shared through collaboration with colleagues in Romania; 4. Good relationships established between civil society, mass media and policy makers.
3. Tineri si Liberi/Young and Free (Executive Director – Antonita Fonari). Funded for project on Involving youth in advocacy activities for promoting tobacco control policies in Moldova.
In March 2007 a coalition of NGOs was formed ‘The Coalition for Tobacco Control Policy Promotion. Includes above three plus four other more general NGOs. All helped with ratification of FCTC.
Information in English on tobacco control at www.policy.hu/zatusevski
Public education materials/implementation or enforcement materials
An annual album of children’s drawings on ‘Let’s grow without tobacco’ has been published by CAPTES since 2000. ACS provided funding for monthly supplement ‘Pro-Sanatatea’ on tobacco control problems. (see www.forum-civic.ong.md/index.action and www.nufuma.md).
Young and Free have published materials aimed at young people and pregnant women on the dangers of secondhand smoke. Examples were provided.
Needs related to implementing smokefree policies
Make the law function properly – this is potentially difficult because although the government is committed to tobacco control, it is also committed to the tobacco growing industry. Has a National Program for the Development of Tobacco Agriculture, and the industry is perceived to be economically important.
All partners to be involved in supporting and enforcing the law – government and NGOs, civil society and the media.
Factors helping or hindering the implementation of Article 8
Political commitment to smokefree policies.
NGOs in tobacco control.
Media awareness campaign.
Local public authorities and managers of health institutions – supporters of the smoke free public transport, Smokefree hospital project implementation, etc.
Lack of governmental financial support for the implementation of smokefree policies.
High smoking rates and the poor health status of population.
The public’s ignorance of tobacco-related issues.
Moldovan traditions in the tobacco industry.
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