Turkey

Smokefree legislation/initiatives

O 3 January 2008 all forms of tobacco use were banned in enclosed workplaces, public places, including restaurants, bars, cafés, teahouses, hospitals, shopping malls, schools, taxis, public transport. No DSRs are allowed. Smoking rooms are allowed in hotels, psychiatric hospitals and homes for the elderly. Smoking is also banned in the open-air spaces of schools. Smoking areas allowed at outdoor sporting events and concerts, in hotels, and in psychiatric hospitals. The law became effective after four months (3 May 2008) but enforcement in restaurants and bars will be delayed until 19 Jul 2009.

Some commentators predicted problems with enforcement due to high male smoking prevalence (60%) and the difficulties experienced with enforcing the previous smokefree law. Observations in February 2009 provide the following insight: Political will is high and comes from Prime minister, health minister, and health commission of the national assembly. The legislation was adopted rapidly and although the enforcement infrastructure has been a little slow to adapt, great progress has been made and the legislation has been highly supported.

Municipal elections took place in March 2009 and as a result there was a reluctance to impose fines for violations. There will be a massive mobilization before 19 July 2009 including mass media, reinforcement of capacity to enforce, and mobilizations of all stakeholders and sectors concerned. The tobacco industry has been active (as in every country), throwing the same myths and obstacles in the media and with hospitality sector but has not managed so far to hinder progress.

Cigarette consumption has decreased in Turkey since the ban was introduced (GlobaLink 16 Jan 09).

Smokefree resources available in 2009

Bloomberg Initiative grants (see www.tobaccocontrolgrants.org)
Ministry of Public Health
The project aims to build the capacity of Turkey’s Ministry of Health to strengthen its tobacco control unit and to enforce smoke-free legislation by collaboration with civil society.

Smokefree Partnership www.smokefreepartnership.eu
European Network on Smoking Prevention www.ensp.org

First, say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do. Health Service Food and Human Resources: Online wholesale cigarette

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