Smokefree legislation/ initiatives
The FCTC was ratified on 15 March 2006. A tobacco control law was adopted by the Parliament on 22 September 2005 and was enacted on 25 October 2005 (except for some provisions, which are to be enacted later). There are no national regulations on smokefree environments but some smokefree initiatives are occurring at subnational level, such as in Lviv, Crimea and Sumy. The capital of Crimea, Simferopol is considering smokefree legislation at city level. (see Bloomberg Initiative grants below).
Smokefree resources available in 2009
Bloomberg Initiative grants (see www.tobaccocontrolgrants.org)
Cherkasy regional charity foundation “Parity”
Project to promote smokefree policies in three regional centers in Ukraine; to strengthen the capacity of civil society to enforce current smokefree by-laws in Cherkasy, Kherson and Lutsk; to launch media campaigns aimed at raising awareness of tobacco control and to launch an advocacy campaign aimed at promoting and implementing smokefree by-laws in Donetsk, Mykolaiv, Vinnitsa, Chernivtsy, Zhitomir, Ternopil, Simferopol , and Uman.
Alcohol and Drug Information Centre Ukraine (ADIC) www.adic.org.ua/adic
Information below compiled in 2008
A 2005 survey by the International Centre for Policy Studies found that smoking was completely banned in only 17% of workplaces and that there were no restrictions in 30% of workplaces. There were differences between the regions of Ukraine, with the East of the country having the strongest restriction and the South having the weakest. More than half of Ukrainians (53%) believe that they are exposed to secondhand smoke every day. 96% of those surveyed support a ban on smoking in public places. See Tobacco in Ukraine: knowledge, attitudes and behaviour www.adic.org.ua/adic/reports/Tobacco_in_Ukraine_ENG.pdf
In 2005-2006 ADIC-Ukraine conducted research to help with drafting, implementing and enforcing tobacco control legislation in Ukraine and other former USSR countries. It was funded by Research for International Tobacco Control (RITC), the Canadian Tobacco Control Research Initiative (CTCRI), the American Cancer Society, and Cancer Research UK. The project’s overall purpose was to determine what legislative provisions can implement the FCTC in Ukrainian legislation in most efficient way. Its conclusions were as follows:
1. The tobacco industry has changed the way it protects its vested interests concerning tobacco control legislation. Previously they fought any tobacco control initiatives, but now they use “health protection” rhetoric to mislead the public and decision makers. They even use the FCTC wordings as an instrument against the tobacco control.
2. The FCTC implementation and national tobacco control law enforcement needs national capacities. So efforts should be conducted not on pushing new amendments to the national tobacco control legislation, but on awareness campaigns, capacity building and enforcement issues.
3. Local tobacco control regulations are potentially a strong instrument for the implementation and enforcement of the FCTC provisions, however local capacity building is also needed for sustained efforts.
4. Model tobacco control legislative acts, relevant to current legal national or local tradition, are a valuable tool to push effective tobacco control regulations.
Public education materials/implementation or enforcement materials
Some materials are available on the ADIC site www.adic.org.ua/adic
Factors helping or hindering the implementation of Article 8
The tobacco industry is very powerful and tried to influence the implementation of the FCTC.
First, say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do. Health Service Food and Human Resources: Online wholesale cigarette shop