Cambodia

Smokefree legislation/initiatives

There are currently no national smokefree laws. The National Center for Health Promotion (NCHP)is smokefree and has drafted and proposed a National Tobacco Control Law that is consistent with the FCTC. It includes provisions for smokefree areas and is currently awaiting approval.

Smokefree policies have been implemented in some government ministries – Health, Education, Youth and Sport and several other departments). Major hospitals and health centres, including military hospitals, high schools and universities and a growing number of non-government organisations are also smokefree. Public transport carries ‘No smoking’ signs but compliance is poor.

Thirty major pagodas and their monks have declared themselves smokefree temples and hospitals. Associated schools are also smokefree. Twenty major referral hospitals and 38 health centers, as well as three regional military hospitals, have declared themselves and their campuses smokefree. Four universities including the University of Health Sciences, twelve high schools, six military campuses, three government departments, one government provincial hall and three NGOs have also banned smoking, initiated by the NCHP, Ministry of Health, ADRA Cambodia and the Cambodia Movement for Health (CMH).

‘Smoke-free Cyclo Project’ was set up with NCHP to break cycle of tobacco use and poverty. It promotes smokefree behaviour.

Smokefree resources available in 2009

SEATCA www.seatca.org Includes Asia Pacific Report Card: WHO FCTC Articles 6,8, 11 & 13 (October 2008).
Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) – tobacco or health programme since 1994

Bloomberg Initiative grants (see www.tobaccocontrolgrants.org)
Cambodia Movement for Health (CMH)
Project to build media awareness on tobacco control policies and the FCTC

Public education materials/implementation or enforcement materials

SEATCA – produced report ‘Protecting the right to life: Smokefree public places in ASEAN’ in Dec 2007.

Needs related to implementing smokefree policies

National legislation.

Factors helping or hindering the implementation of Article 8

95% of the population is Buddhist and most men become a monk at some point. Monks have a strong network for communication and education which allows for wide dissemination and a united voice against tobacco. Because of the influence monks have and their roles in society, the Smoke Free Buddhist Monks program has the great potential to eventually convert the entire country.

Workplace Smokefree legislation/initiatives in spite of the lack of a smokefree law.

Other countries that have influenced smokefree laws

ASEAN countries.

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