Indonesia

Background

Indonesia has not ratified FCTC.

Smokefree legislation/initiatives

National smokefree legislation (PP19/2003) is weak and only covers public transport, places of worship, medical facilities, schools and other places frequented by minors. DSRs are allowed if they have ‘air absorbers’. Some large cities, such as Jakarta, have banned smoking some public places and public transport, but implementation has been poor.

However, some progress is being made at sub-national level. The city of Cirebon is smokefree and does not allow DSRs (Mayor Decree No 27A/2006). According to the SEATCA Report 2007 Cirebon is “an inspiring example of how communities can be smokefree if they work together and if the smokefree policy is culturally and emotionally accepted.” Many indoor public places and public transport are smokefree. Smokers are required to smoke outdoors. The decree is not legally binding and compliance happens because of moral and religious obligation. Cirebon is planning to draw up a local government act to legalise it.

The city of Surabay, which is the country’s second largest city after Jakarta, passed legislation banning smoking in health facilities, educational facilities, public transport, religious facilities, and childcare facilities. It is due to be implemented in June or July 2009.

Smokefree resources available in 2009

Bloomberg Initiative grants (see www.tobaccocontrolgrants.org)
Directorate of Non Communicable Disease Control
The project aims to train the NCDC team and reinforce their capacity to develop and implement a national tobacco control strategy and to support tobacco control activities in at least seven provinces, focusing on 100% smokefree environments.

Indonesian Forum of Parliamentarians on Population and Development
Project to develop and promote national tobacco control legislation which is compliant with the FCTC and urge FCTC ratification.

Indonesian Public Health Association, Tobacco Control Working Group
The project aims to establish a national tobacco control support centre to coordinate tobacco control activities in Indonesia and to lead a policy advocacy campaign for changes to the legislation for smokefree municipalities and health warnings.

National Commission for Child Protection
This multifaceted project includes plans to conduct a media campaign targeted towards the general public to raise awareness on the harmful effects of tobacco and to launch a targeted advocacy campaign targeted towards policymakers to amend existing tobacco control legislation.

Yayasan Lembaga Konsumen Indonesia (YLKI) and Center for Religious and Community Studies
Project to advocate for smokefree areas in Java and assist in the capacity building of enforcement agencies.

SEATCA www.seatca.org Includes Asia Pacific Report Card: WHO FCTC Articles 6,8, 11 & 13 (October 2008).

Public education materials/implementation or enforcement materials

SEATCA – produced report ‘Protecting the right to life: Smokefree public places in ASEAN’ in December 2007.

Needs related to implementing smokefree policies

Need laws approved by Parliament not just presidential decree.
Ratification of FCTC
Need to demonstrate success and achievement.

Factors helping or hindering the implementation of Article 8

Helping – high levels of public support
Hindering – enforcement of existing laws a problem

Other countries that have influenced smokefree laws

ASEAN countries

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