New Zealand became 100% smokefree in 2004. The Smokefree Environments Amendment Act 2003 prohibited smoking in schools and early childhood centres from 1 January 2004. From 10 December 2004 all indoor workplaces and hospitality centres (including bars, restaurants, cafés and casinos) became smokefree. Designated smoking rooms are not allowed.
Future priorities are:
Creating smokefree environments at home and in cars – through education rather than legislation
Introducing a five-metre law so that smokers smoke away from entrances to smokefree venues
Creating certain smokefree outdoor areas, such as beaches, parks and tourist locations – through local rather than national legislation
A survey published in early 2009 found high levels of support for extending smokefree legislation to outdoor eating areas (78%) and council playgrounds (68%). (GL NIMI 20 March 2009).
Preparation for smokefree legislation
The campaign for smokefree legislation was driven by a strong and coordinated NGO sector, strong government support and a continual need to counteract negative comments about potential damage to the hospitality industry.
‘Going smokefree in New Zealand: lessons from battlefield’ is a key document published by ASH New Zealand in May 2006. It describes the strategies used by supporters of smokefree legislation to neutralise objections from the hospitality industry. It shows to how provide counterarguments to generate public support for legislation. www.ash.org.nz/pdf/goingsmokefreeinNZ.pdf
Enforcement and compliance
Compliance was high in first year of ban (97%). Some pub owners defiant and some prosecutions are pending.
The smoke is clearing – one-year anniversary report on the impact of smokefree legislation. www.moh.govt.nz/moh.nsf/wpg_Index/About-smokefreelaw-research
Smokefree Laws in New Zealand – Frequently Asked Questions – Part 3: Enforcement Powers
Smokefree resources available in 2009
ASH New Zealand www.ash.org.nz
New Zealand Ministry of Health www.moh.govt.nz/moh.nsf/wpg_Index/About-smokefreelaw-research
First, say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do. Health Service Food and Human Resources: Discount Duty free cigarettes online