National legislation- the 2003 Tobacco Regulation Act (Law RA9211) was implemented in 2004. Smoking is completely banned in a limited number of public places – schools, health facilities, public transport, centers of youth activity, gas stations and areas where fire hazards are present. Designated smoking rooms are allowed elsewhere.
Because the national law allows DSRs, some local government units (cities) have taken the initiative to enact and implement their own 100% smokefree policies.
The municipality of Talisayan will be implementing smokefree legislation in 2009, with the support of SEATCA.
A few cities have been smokefree for a number of years – Davao City (2002); Makati City (2003), Legazpi (2005). DSRs are allowed. The law is not compliant with Article 8 but with old national law (Tobacco Regulation Act 2003).
Some Local Government Units (LGUs) are now planning to become 100% smokefree (helped by legislative programmes). They are at different stages with their legislation – Davao City, Makati, Legazpi, Silang (Cavite), Ilolio. All these cities have an anti-smoking task force that has started work. e.g Davao task force includes mayor, tourism office and police
The city of Manila is also trying to start a smokefree campaign with a task force.
Pasig and Taguig (cities in Metro Manila) also recently announced plans to go smokefree.
Smokefree resources available in 2009
The only NGOs actively working on smoke-free policy are: (1) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control Alliance Philippines (FCAP) www.tobaccocontrol.ph; (2) Seventh Day Adventists; (3) UPCLFDF ( University of the Philippines College of Law Faculty Development Foundation); (4) Health Justice.
Bloomberg Initiative grants (see www.tobaccocontrolgrants.org)
Center for Health Development – Metro Manila
The purpose is to achieve a “Smoke free Manila” by establishing seven 100% Smoke free model urban centers, through media and communication strategies, capacity building for effective implementation and strict enforcement of local ordinances, policy advocacy and strategic partnerships.
Framework Convention on Tobacco Control Alliance, Philippines (FCAP)
Project to achieve comprehensive national tobacco control management through capacity building and organizational development, alliance building and development of a Health Promotion Foundation.
University of the Philippines College of Law Development Foundation
Project to build capacity among responsible agencies for better enforcement of existing legislation on smokefree places and bans on tobacco advertising.
SEATCA www.seatca.org Includes Asia Pacific Report Card: WHO FCTC Articles 6,8, 11 & 13 (October 2008).
Public education materials/implementation or enforcement materials
For implementation of smokefree legislation in Talisayan large ‘No smoking’ billboards will be posted at the boundaries of the municipality and in all conspicuous places to let the public know they are in a smokefree municipality. A public information campaign will be launched.
In The Philippines in general, publicity for local laws is mainly via notices and billboards. There are very few educational materials due to budget constraints. Davao aired TV adverts prepared by students. (Some enforcement officials have a ticketing system).
In April 2009 UPCLFDF will release manuals and handbooks as well as primers relating to enforcement of the Tobacco Regulations act which covers the smoking ban, advertising ban and health warnings. Posters and stickers will also be made available for key jurisdictions in Metro Manila.
The DOH will make IEC materials available, as well as airing TV ads (with support from World Lung Foundation). It will also provide a hotline for complaints relating to tobacco law violations.
SEATCA – produced report ‘Protecting the right to life: Smokefree public places in ASEAN’ in Dec 2007.
Needs related to implementing smokefree policies
Educational materials for use before and after introduction of legislation.
Factors helping or hindering the implementation of Article 8
The tobacco industry. In 2007 Legaspi City reported that Chris Nelson, the General Manager of Philip Morris, visited the Mayor. They Mayor then declared a moratorium on implementing the smokefree ordinance.
Other countries that have influenced smokefree laws
First, say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do. Health Service Food and Human Resources: Duty free cigarettes wholesale