Taiwan

Smokefree legislation/initiatives

Taiwan ‘voluntarily’ ratified and adopted the FCTC in January 2005. Pursuant to the ratification, the legislature passed the amendment of the Tobacco Hazards Prevention Act 1997 in June 2007 and the amended Act took effect on 11 January 2009. The legislation is comprehensive and bans smoking in all enclosed public places, including bars and restaurants, and all workplaces with more than three people. Separate ventilated smoking rooms are allowed.

However, under pressure from different interest groups, legislators finally had to compromise and came up with three very complicated articles (Articles 15-17) in an attempt to exhaustively list the different areas with different levels of smoke-free ban: all areas without exception; ban in indoor areas with exemptions; all indoor and outdoor areas except in the designated outdoor smoking area: e.g. universities, stadiums, welfare institutions for the elderly; indoor but not outdoor areas: e.g. government buildings. Details of the articles were provided.

Smokefree resources available in 2009

Central authority: Bureau of Health Promotion (BHP) www.bhp.doh.gov.tw
NGO – Taiwan International Medical Alliance (TIMA) www.tima.org.tw

Public education materials/implementation or enforcement materials

The health99 website health99.doh.gov.tw/default.aspx is hosted by the Bureau of Health Promotion, and has information on education and enforcement materials.

Needs related to implementing smokefree policies

Clarity for the pubic over which areas are smokefree.

Factors helping or hindering the implementation of Article 8

Hindering
The current regulations on smokefree places are quite complicated and confusing. Thousands of complaint calls were made in the weeks following the introduction of the ban. Some smokers have threatened to petition the Council of Grand Justices for a constitutional review/interpretation of the law in question.

A simpler and clearer list of smokefree areas.

First, say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do. Health Service Food and Human Resources: Buy duty free cigarettes, wholesale cigarettes

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