Many U.S. college campuses are becoming tobacco-free as the U.S. schools institute a complete ban, indoors and outdoors, on cigarettes and related products. Some smokers say the bans violate their choice.
In June the University of Maryland announced the 12 institutions, inside and out, going to smoke in the following July. In coming September, and the use of tobacco ads will be banned anywhere in the school system at the City University of New York system.
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Between January 2011 and January of this year, the number of American colleges and universities with a total ban on smoking has increased from 466 to 648, according to the American Nonsmokers Rights group. Already this year, 126 schools have moved forward without the smoke policies that apply in all areas of campus.
“We hear from the colleges they are there to educate and rise the next generation of leaders, and that is the responsible thing to do,” said Bronson Frick, Associate Director of Americans for Nonsmokers Rights, “based in Berkeley, Calif.
Some colleges have never allowed smoking for religious reasons. But about ten years ago, some of which he was permitted to impose a ban on smoking in rooms that are also regulated – coinciding with similar workplace laws – how far from the entrance of smokers should be. The concept of smoking on campus, which prohibits smoking even in the street, marks the latest evolution of the trend.
In total, about 770 colleges are now smoking, according to the American Nonsmokers Rights. Some believe that the policy a step further by banning all forms of tobacco, including chewing tobacco. Since the organization relies on self-assessment information, the actual number is probably higher, Mr. Frick said.
Although precise data is still dark, one-third to half of the colleges across the country implemented the policy of all or weight option, says Ty Patterson, executive director of the National Center for Tobacco Policy, based in Springfield, Missouri.
Policy banning smoking and reached the “tipping point around,” says Mr. Patterson, who is vice president of student affairs initiated smoking is one of the first towns in the country, Ozarks Technical College in 2003.
Smoke free movement in the colleges have received a powerful impetus in 2006 when the Surgeon General’s report, the U.S. flag to tobacco smoke as a risk in any exposure, says Patterson.
Prohibitions not were without controversy, especially with the rights of smokers groups.
“Institutions of learning are for educational purposes, not education – especially where students are adults,” says Audrey Silk, founder of the New York Citizens Lobbying against Smoker harassment by e-mail.
Some students also questioned the role of universities to regulate the behavior is completely legal.
Audrey Imes, a junior at Ohio University in Athens, questioned whether the school can reasonably carry out the Board of Regents’ proposed policy of tobacco. When she smokes on campus, she said, it’s a personal decision.
“I have a right to be a smoker,” Ms. Imes said, adding that smoking may have moved to the periphery of the town, in places such as bars and off-campus apartment.
But smokers are fighting the fight.
Board of Trustees of the University of Maryland’s green light for its policy of taking care of the health dangers of smoking, as well as the view that smoking bans are already in three of its colleges were “nonissue” USM Representative Mike Lurie said.
“The presidents of institutions in which campus-wide ban was not there looking with admiration, and in other cities that have gone in that direction,” Mr. Lurie said.
About 45 million people or 19.3 percent of all American adults smoke cigarettes, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Of the 27,774 students surveyed in 44 two-and four-year colleges, 4.6 percent smoked every day for 30 days, in 2011 the American College Health Association in the report. About 14 percent smoked at least once in the last 30 days.
Most Repeat offenders sometimes face university disciplinary action, which differ between schools.
Execution is usually not rigid or. Most comes from the students themselves, many of which simply do not want to be around cigarette smoke.
At the University of Kentucky in Lexington, a group of teachers and students of the tobacco-free action of a group of volunteers, the approach smokers and request they put their cigarettes. They also offer resources to help smokers quit.
“You have to create an environment in which the violation of the policy just is not cool,” said Ellen Hahn, director of the Kentucky Smoke-Free Policy, based in Lexington. “It’s not what you expect.”
Kentucky has one of the highest rates of adult smoking in the country – 25 percent – and the campus ban has had a positive impact on the efforts of some to quit. After the ban, 11 campus smokers, on average over the last month trying to quit smoking, compared to 3 to ban, Ms. Khan said.