We all know that smoking causes many health problems. However, the sad truth is that even though, in the course of all these warnings, people still smoke.
The earlier belief of a smoker only harms him / she no longer holds true. Secondhand smoke is just as dangerous, if not more, than first-hand smoke. Also, when women smoke, they do not only hurt yourself and your friends and family around them, and the unborn child, who has not yet seen life. According to research, smoking during pregnancy affects not only the growing child, but children, child. Today, we ask Dr. Keya Lahiri – chief pediatrician Dr. DY Patil Hospital, Mumbai, some questions about how smoking affects motherhood.
How smoking affects the unborn child when a pregnant woman smokes?
An unborn child in the womb of his mother relied on food, nutrients and oxygen in order to develop and grow healthy before the birth. The placenta is the tissue that connects the foetus to the mother and from where he gets all that is necessary for normal growth and development, while it is the mother’s womb.
But when expecting mother inhales tobacco smoke from cigarettes, some of the chemicals in exhaled immediately and leave the body, while others remain in the body and make your way to the placenta. The unborn child is not only inhales the mainstream smoke that the mother breathes in the cigarettes and which remains in her body, but also breathes any tobacco smoke, which is in the air. This means that the growing fetus, adversely affected by two different types of smoke.
Once the baby is born, it will no longer depend on the mainstream smoke that the mother inhales, but if the mother continues to smoke, the child will suffer from the effects of passive smoking and become a passive smoker itself.
What happens to the fetus when a pregnant woman smokes?
First, it is reducing the supply of oxygen, due to the increase of carbon monoxide and nicotine in the blood of the mother. This means that there is less oxygen available for the child, because harmful substances to replace him. The child begins to move more slowly after the mother was smoking a cigarette and the baby’s heart will be faster, as it tries to bring in more oxygen. Therefore, the breath and the movement will be changed. In other words, he will suffer unnecessary stress.
Nicotine not only reduces the amount of oxygen, but also constricts the blood vessels in the maternal side of the placenta, thus preventing the flow of blood, oxygen and essential nutrients and food to get to the child, leading to slow growth of the fetus.
To maintain normal blood vessels, smokers need three times the consumption of folic acid and twice the consumption of vitamin C as nonsmokers. Lower levels of vitamin C are associated with the weakening of the amniotic membranes containing less collagen resulting in premature rupture of membranes and preterm delivery.
As a result, the fruit will not develop or grow as well, as it should, and this can lead to the birth of low-weight baby and all the risks and complications that followed after his birth. Low birth weight is likely to be placed in intensive care after birth.
Not only that, once the buff, it will cut off the nicotine delivery of their child, and soon the child will suffer from the effects of nicotine addiction.
What are the effects of smoking on the mother and pregnancy?
Smoking during pregnancy affects the mother and baby and can lead to complications that could have been prevented if the mother quit smoking.
Below is a list of possible complications of pregnancy:
Ectopic pregnancy – it can be dangerous to the mother’s life and can lead to difficulties in getting pregnant again. In an ectopic pregnancy, as a rule, is the egg is implanted in one of the fallopian tube and begins to grow there. In most cases, this type of pregnancy will never result in a live birth of a child, because there is no place for a child to grow to the full, and the cells must be removed as soon as the ectopic pregnancy is diagnosed, or the injection of drugs or surgery.
Death of the fetus – is when the child is still fruit (less than 28 weeks), and dies in the womb. Maternal smoking was associated with the death of 5 – 10% of all fetal and neonatal deaths.
Stillbirth and death of the baby in the first week – a condition known as SIDS is fairly common among newborns. This risk is increased by one third if the mother smokes.
Miscarriage – risk of suffering a miscarriage by 25% for a smoker.
Placenta previa – the placenta lies very low in the uterus and block or closes the opening of the cervix. This can lead to a difficult delivery and puts the mother and the child’s life in danger.
Reduced lung function develops a child caused by nicotine, which crosses the placenta to the fetus and alters lung cells developing unborn child.
The risk is even higher if the mother is still smoke in the second half of pregnancy. Many studies have shown a close relationship between cigarette smokings during pregnancy and reduced birth weight of the child. The greater the number of cigarettes smoked, a significant decrease in birth weight tends to be.
Smoking Women must understand and remember that the more cigarettes smoked it throughout their pregnancy, the greater the risk of harm to the fetus, complications during pregnancy and harmful to her health.
Why is it so dangerous to smoke during pregnancy?
Cigarette smoke contains dangerous chemicals like cyanide, lead and carcinogenic products. When a potential mother smokes during pregnancy, that toxic brew gets into her blood, which is the source of her baby of oxygen and nutrients.
All of these chemicals are not good for your child; the two compounds are especially harmful: nicotine and carbon monoxide.
Nicotine chokes oxygen by narrowing the blood vessels throughout the body, including the umbilical cord. This is a little how to make the child breathe through a narrow straw. What’s worse, the red blood cells, which carry oxygen to begin to pick up molecules of carbon monoxide instead. Suddenly, that narrow straw did not hold as much oxygen as it should.
What happens to babies when they are exposed to cigarette smoke?
Infants and children who are exposed to cigarette smoke have a much higher incidence of pneumonia, asthma, ear infections, bronchitis, sinus infections, eye irritation, and croup.
Colic is more common in children whose mothers or fathers smoke or if a breastfeeding mother smokes. Researchers believe that nicotine is not only transferred to the mother’s milk upset baby but the passive smoke in the home acts as an irritant. Children of smoking parents fuss more, and mothers who smoke may be less able to cope with a colicky baby (due to lower levels of prolactin).
Heavy smoking mothers who are breastfeeding can sometimes cause symptoms in infants, such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea.
Children of smoking mothers and fathers have a seven times greater chance of dying from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
Children of parents who smoke are two to three times more visits to the doctor, usually from respiratory infections or allergy-related illness.
Children who are exposed to secondhand smoke in the home have lower blood levels of HDL, the good cholesterol, which helps protect against coronary artery disease.
Children of parents who smoke often become smokers themselves.
A recent study found that growing up in a home where both parents smoke, double the child’s risk of lung cancer later in life.
Passive smoking can affect the health of the child?
Children who live with parents who smoke also have more ear infections. This often causes fluid to accumulate in their ears, which can cause the operation to get the problem fixed. Later, it may cause the child to go through the discomfort as well.
What happens when a pregnant woman is exposed to second hand smoke?
When a mother smokes a cigarette, the amount of oxygen in the body of the child is reduced. Similarly, when the mother is exposed to secondhand smoke, it will also develop a lack of oxygen in the body, which can lead to less oxygen for her children too.
How a woman can minimize the risk to the baby if she does not want to quit smoking?
The ideal: Stop smoking all together.
Reduce. The less you smoke, the smaller the chance that difficulties will arise.
Do not smoke immediately before or during breastfeeding.
Avoid smoking in the same room with the child not let anyone smoke near your baby.
How smoking affects breastfeeding?
Smoking was associated with:
Earlier weaning. One study found that the heaviest smokers tend to wean soon.
Lower milk production.
Interference with milk let-down reflex.
Lower levels of prolactin. The hormone prolactin must be present for milk synthesis occurs.